Tipo de Publicação: Artigo em Atas de Congresso
Alves, Sonia. (2019). Towards a better understanding of the relationship between Land-use Planning and housing: A study of Évora (Portugal).
The aim of this paper is to contribute to the debate on the relationship between planning objectives/ practices and the formulation/implementation of housing programmes.
From an empirical perspetive, the paper focuses upon Zona de Expansão 1, an extension to the east of the historical centre of Évora which construction involved three housing programmes: Programa de Casas Económicas, Programa de Casas de Renda Económica and Programa das Casas dos Pobres. Built more than 60 years ago to provide a diverse range of housing types and tenures for a wide range of social classes,-Bairro do Legado do Operário, 1946; Bairro da Caixa de Previdência, 1949, and Bairro da Câmara, 1947-.
This district that is still considered an attractive residential area in Évora, provides a useful focus to discuss the legacy of the 20th century in terms of affordable housing for three main reasons. It illustrates the importance of: i) an active approach to land development, in which public officials make plans, regulate the use of land, purchase and develop the land, and either build directly or let to non-profit developers that seek to implement housing programmes; ii) clear targets for sub-market housing (which responds to local needs in terms of the kinds of homes and tenures that are provided), and for a mix of housing tenures (public and private rentals, owner-occupation) in close proximity; and iii) mechanisms that ensure that affordable rented housing for low-and middle-income people are made available in perpetuity. The case offers an opportunity to discuss the potential