Introduction [Changing Societies: Legacies and Challenges. Vol. iii. The Diverse Worlds Of Sustainability]


In 2015 ICS elected sustainability as one of the three main strategic pillars, seeking to understand the socioecological, socioeconomic, techno-scientific, and governance dynamics that preside over transformations and transitions to more sustainable, resilient, and wellbeing-promoting societies, by studying the practices, institutions, processes, and public policies that affect, positively or negatively, these transitions. ics has a long tradition of performing research on the social aspects of environmental sustainability, mostly based on the work of researchers from different areas within the social sciences. In the 1990s it partnered with iscte-iul to create Observa – The Observatory of Environment and Society, which pioneered the first large scale public opinion
surveys in Portugal on environmental perceptions, attitudes, and behaviours.